is the CAP?
Common Agricultural Policy The Common Agricultural Policy
(CAP) was introduced after the Second World War. Europe
wanted to be self sufficient in its provision of food. The
CAP guaranteed farmers a price for their produce. This protected
farmers from cheaper imports from outside of Europe.
CAP led to a huge surplus of food in Europe. Food mountains
and lakes were created. In order to reduce these the EU
introduced milk quotas and set-aside.
of the Milk Quotas farmers are told how much milk they can
produce. If farmers produce more than their quota they are
of the set-aside scheme farmers have to leave 10-15% of
their land uncultivated they are awarded a grant from the
has been the the impact of the CAP on the environment?
CAP has had a significant impact on the environment ·
have been removed to increase field sizes to accommodate
larger machinery and increase yields. This has led to
increased soil erosion and a reduction in wildlife habitats.
increased use of fertilisers and pesticides has caused
groundwater supplies to become contaminated. The increase
in levels of nitrates in streams and rivers has caused
the growth of algae and bacteria. This has reduced oxygen
levels in rivers killing fish and insects.