Etna is Europe's most active volcano. Etna is one of the
largest continental volcanoes. The base of the volcano is
about 36 by 24 miles (60 x 40 km). Below an elevation of
about 9,500 feet (2,900 m) Etna is a shield. The upper 1,200
feet (400 m) is a stratovolcano
made of several coalesced vents. It erupted in a Strombolian
style in July 2001. [lava].
fissures cracked open on the mountain.
Etna is located 37.7N, 15.0E on the north east coats
of the Island of Sicily, Italy. It is 10,791 feet (3,290
main eruption started on 12th July
generally accepted explanation for the formation of Mt.
Etna is the subduction of part of the northward-moving African
Plate beneath the Eurasian Plate.
lava flows reached temperatures of 1,000 degrees Celsius.
flows swallowed up a huge cabin that housed snow ploughs,
along with a tourist car park and several ski lift pylons.
It took the lava two weeks, to reach the tourist centre
of Rifugio Sapienza.
earthen dams of earth and volcanic rock put up to protect
the tourist base, Rifugio Sapienza, diverted the flow and
keeping it under control. The Army heavy earth-moving equipment
was brought in by the Government to block and divert lava
the 29th July The airport of Sicily's second city, Catania,
was forced to close while the runways are cleared of ash
spewing from the erupting Mount Etna volcano.
residents in Nicolosi, a village perched on the side of
the volcano, have been holding religious ceremonies in an
attempt to reduce the impact of the eruption.
is predicted that the winter tourist industry will be affected
by the eruption of Etna. Locals believe snow will not settle
on the flanks of the volcano due to the heat of the lava.
none of the towns on Etna's slopes have been damaged, there
have been losses in agriculture and tourism. The Italian
Government pledged tax breaks for villagers to help get
through the crisis and more than $8m (£5.6m) in immediate
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images of Mount Etna.