is the movement of people from one place to another.
Migration happens for a range of reasons. These can be economic, social, political or environmental. Push and pull factors drive migration.
are the main types of migration?
can be permanent, temporary, voluntary or forced. It can
be international or internal.
Permanent migration is when someone moves from one place to another and has no plans to return to their original home. Temporary migration is limited by time. This could be for seasonal employment. Forced migration involves the migrant having no choice but to move. Voluntatry migration is the opposite of this.
International migration is when a person moves from one country to another country. For example people moving from the UK to the USA. Internal migration is when people migrate within the same country or region. An example of this would be someone migrating from Manchester to London.
Why do people migrate?
People migrate for many different reasons. These reasons can be classified as economic, social, political or environmental:
- economic migration - moving to find work or persue a particular career
- social migration - moving to be closer to family or friends or for a better quality of life
- political migration - moving to escape war or political persecution
- environmental causes of migration include natural disasters such as an earthquake
and Pull factors
can occur as result of push and pull factors.
factors are those which force a person to move. This can
include drought, famine, lack of jobs, over population and
factors are those which encourage a person to move. These
include a chance of a better job, better education, a better
standard of living.